Genet Med. 2014 Jan 16. doi: 10.1038/gim.2013.201. [Epub ahead of print]
Attitudes of parents toward the return of targeted and incidental genomic research findings in children.
Fernandez CV1, Bouffet E2, Malkin D2, Jabado N3, O'Connell C4, Avard D5, Knoppers BM5, Ferguson M6, Boycott KM7, Sorensen PH8, Orr AC9, Robitaille JM9,McMaster CR10.
Purpose:We describe parental attitudes toward the return of targeted and incidental genomic research results in the setting of high-risk pediatric cancer and inherited childhood diseases.Methods:A validated 36-item questionnaire was mailed to participants in three large-scale genome research consortia examining attitudes toward receipt of genomic research results and the influence of certainty, severity, and onset of the condition, in addition to responsibilities to extended family and provision of results even after death of the proband.Results:Of the 563 participants who were sent questionnaires, 362 (64%) responded. Most of them stated a positive right to receive results related to the target condition (97%) or to incidental findings (86%); no difference was found in results between participants with cancer and those with orphan diseases. Furthermore, 92% indicated that genomic research for childhood-onset conditions should occur. The majority wanted incidental results predicting susceptibility even to untreatable fatal conditions (83%), to multiple conditions (87%), or to those with uncertain impact (70%). Most felt sibling genomic results showing serious conditions, whether treatable (93%) or not (88%), and/or results discovered after death of the proband should be shared with family (74%).Conclusion:Many parents of children in pediatric genomic research indicated a strong desire to receive a broader range of results than is described in consensus recommendations. Clear delineation of what will be offered should be established at the time of consent.Genet Med advance online publication 16 January 2014Genetics in Medicine (2014); doi:10.1038/gim.2013.201.
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