Previous studies of tobacco policies aimed at reducing hospitalizations may have overestimated the benefits of bans on public smoking and underestimated the benefits of cigarette taxes, according to a new study co-authored by AHRQ. Researchers conducted a nationwide evaluation of the effects of smoking bans and cigarette taxes on acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), heart failure and pneumonia. The findings show that raising cigarette taxes can have an immediate beneficial effect by reducing costly hospitalizations, but that smoking bans do not offer the same benefit. To conduct the research, authors used data from AHRQ’s Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) to analyze hospitalization rates from 28 states from 2001 to 2008. HCUP is the nation’s most comprehensive source of hospital data, including information on inpatient care, ambulatory surgery and emergency department visits. The new study, “A Nationwide Assessment of the Association of Smoking Bans and Cigarette Taxes With Hospitalizations for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure and Pneumonia,” appeared Sept. 12 in Medical Care Research and Review. Access the abstract.
Med Care Res Rev. 2016 Sep 12. pii: 1077558716668646. [Epub ahead of print]
A Nationwide Assessment of the Association of Smoking Bans and Cigarette Taxes With Hospitalizations for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, and Pneumonia.
© The Author(s) 2016.
cigarette taxes; heart failure; myocardial infarction; smoking bans