viernes, 16 de septiembre de 2016

Supporting novice clinicians cognitive strategies: System design perspective. - PubMed - NCBI

Supporting novice clinicians cognitive strategies: System design perspective. - PubMed - NCBI

Supporting novice clinicians cognitive strategiesSystem design perspective.


Infections occur among all clinical domains. The changing nature of microbes, viruses and infections poses a great threat to the overall well-being in medicine. Clinicians in the infectious disease (ID) domain deal with diagnostic as well as treatment uncertainty in their everyday practice. Our current health information technology (HIT) systems do not consider the level of clinician expertise into the system design process. Thus, information is presented to both novice and expert ID clinicians in identical ways. The purpose of this study was to identify the cognitivestrategies novice ID clinicians use in managing complex cases to make better recommendations for system design. In the process, we interviewed 14 ID experts and asked them to give us a detailed description of how novice clinicians would have dealt with complex cases. From the interview transcripts, we identified four major themes that expert clinicians suggested about novices' cognitive strategies including: A) dealing with uncertainty, B) lack of higher macrocognition, C) oversimplification of problems through heuristics and D) dealing with peer pressure. Current and future innovative decision support tools embedded in the electronic health record that can match these cognitive strategies may hold the key to cognitively supporting novice clinicians. The results of this study may open up avenues for future research and suggest design directions for better healthcare systems.


clinical decision support; clinical decision-making; cognitive strategy; diagnostic errors; electronic health record; infectious diseases


Free PMC Article

No hay comentarios: