Effectiveness of facilitated introduction of a standard operating procedure into routine processes in the operating theatre: a controlled interrupted time series.
Morgan L, New S, Robertson E, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2014 Nov 3; [Epub ahead of print].
Standard operating procedures, or SOPs, are a key tenet of human factors engineering. This time-series analysis found that implementing SOPs in the operating room did not change either surgical process outcomes, such as adherence to the WHO surgical checklist, or clinical outcomes. These results emphasize the challenge of applying systems solutions in clinical settings.
Observational assessment of surgical teamwork: a feasibility study.
Undre S, Healey AN, Darzi A, Vincent CA. World J Surg. 2006;30:1774-1783.
Nature of human error: implications for surgical practice.
Cuschieri A. Ann Surg. 2006;244:642-648.
Wise before the event.
Watts G. BMJ. 2010;340:c1378.
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Nature, causes and consequences of unintended events in surgical units.
van Wagtendonk I, Smits M, Merten H, Heetveld MJ, Wagner C. Br J Surg. 2010;97:1730-1740.