Spring 2018,Issue #54
Missed the last e-News? Read it on the HCUP-US Web site
New Community-Level Statistics on HCUPnet on Stays for Alcohol and Other Drugs
Hospital stays involving alcohol, opioids, stimulants and other drugs are now available as new county- and region-level statistics on HCUPnet. This new resource includes 32 participating States for years 2013 and 2014 by total number of discharges and as a rate per 100,000 population. Statistics can be distinguished by several variables, including age group, sex, payer and type of stay, and by hospital costs/charges and lengths of stay.
To start your search, navigate to the HCUPnet starting page, click on “Create a New Analysis.” You should then go through the following steps:
- Choose Community.
- Choose a Year.
- Choose your State.
- Choose Counties.
- Choose Diagnosis/Procedure.
- Choose Stays for Alcohol and Other Drugs.
- Agree to the terms of the data use agreement.
An example query for Cook County, IL below shows an opioid-related hospitalization rate of 440 per 100,000 people in 2014. By contrast, Starr County, TX, had a rate for opioid-related hospitalizations of 18 per 100,000 people (not shown).
For questions or comments regarding HCUPnet, please contact HCUP@ahrq.gov.
Learn About HCUP at April 18 and 25 Webinars—Registration Required
1-hour Webinars introducing and explaining HCUP will be held on April 18 and 25. On April 18, Overview of the HCUP Databases will cover an introduction to the HCUP family of databases. On April 25, Overview of the HCUP Products and Tools will cover the use of HCUP software tools and supplemental files to facilitate and augment research.
The webinars are open to the public. Each requires separate advance registration, which will open on April 11. Additional details on the webinars are posted on the HCUP Workshops and Webinars page.
Newly Released: HCUP Tools Loading Tutorial
HCUP Tools, when applied to HCUP databases or other administrative data sets, systematically create new data elements from existing data and enhance a researcher’s ability to conduct analyses.
Following the transition to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification/Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-CM/PCS) on October 1, 2015, the HCUP Tools are no longer preloaded onto HCUP databases. To assist researchers, AHRQ has released the HCUP Tools Loading Tutorial, which provides a step-by-step guide to locating, downloading, and applying HCUP Tools to HCUP’s administrative databases. The tutorial also shows users how to verify that the most up-to-date version of HCUP Tools is being used.
Additional information also is provided within a separate announcement in the HCUP Q&A section of this newsletter.
Now Available: The 2015 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS)
The 2015 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) is now available. The NEDS is the largest all-payer emergency department database in the United States and contains information about geographic, hospital, patient, and visit characteristics. Unweighted, it contains data from approximately 31 million emergency department (ED) visits each year. Weighted, it estimates roughly 143 million ED visits.
Because of the transition to ICD-10-CM/PCS on October 1, 2015, the file structure and the location of many of the data elements within the files that constitute the 2015 NEDS have changed. Users are encouraged to review the ICD-10-CM/PCS Resources Page prior to analyzing outcomes affected by this change in the ICD coding scheme.
The NEDS enables analyses of ED utilization patterns and yields information that supports public health professionals, administrators, policymakers, and clinicians as they make decisions regarding this critical source of care.
The 2015 NEDS is available for purchase through the HCUP Central Distributor.
HCUP’s 2017 Outstanding Article of the Year Award
Applications currently are being reviewed for HCUP’s Outstanding Article of the Year Award, which will recognize two researchers published in peer-reviewed journals in 2017 who used HCUP databases to explore and address health care research topics and issues.
The chosen recipients will receive certificates and present posters of their work during AcademyHealth’s 2018 Annual Research Meeting on June 24–26 in Seattle. AHRQ will contact the winning authors via email by Friday, April 20, 2018.
For more information on the award and past recipients, please visit the HCUP User Support (HCUP-US) Web site at https://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/
Recently Released: 2015 and 2016 State Databases
Since December 2017, the following State databases have been released:
- State Inpatient Databases (SID)
ο 2015: District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and West Virginia
ο 2016: Nebraska
- State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases (SASD)
ο 2015: Maryland, Nevada, and South Carolina
ο 2016: Nebraska
- State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD)
ο 2015: Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, Rhode Island, and South Carolina
ο 2016: Nebraska
Complete listings of available databases by year can be found in the Database Catalog on the HCUP-US Web site. Databases can be purchased online through the HCUP Central Distributor, and aggregated national and selected State statistics can be accessed via HCUPnet.
For database purchasing questions, please contact the HCUP Central Distributor.
New HCUP Statistical Briefs Posted on HCUP-US
Since December 2017, the following HCUP Statistical Briefs have been released:
- #237 Patient Safety and Adverse Events, 2011 and 2014
- #236 Inpatient Stays Involving Atrial Fibrillation, 1998–2014
- #235 Trends in Hospital Inpatient Stays by Age and Payer, 2000–2015
- #234 Adverse Drug Events in U.S. Hospitals, 2010 Versus 2014
- #233 Overview of Operating Room Procedures During Inpatient Stays in U.S. Hospitals, 2014
To access these and other Statistical Briefs, please visit the Statistical Briefs page on the HCUP-US Web site.
New HCUP Methods Series Report Now Available
Since December 2017, the following Methods Series Report has been released:
Method Series Report #2017-05: User Guide: An Examination of Expected Payer Coding in HCUP Databases (Updated for 2015 HCUP Data) informs HCUP data users about expected payer codes by (1) presenting detailed information about the expected payer codes collected by HCUP States, (2) suggesting how these payer codes can be used for research purposes, and (3) examining the extent to which HCUP data capture discharges covered by these payers in comparison with other national data sources.
This report and other HCUP reports can be found on the HCUP Reports page.
Hurst SA, Ewing AC, Ellington SR, et al. Trends in diagnoses among hospitalizations of HIV-infected children and adolescents in the United States: 2003-2012. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017;36(10):981-7.
This study uses the 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID) to examine trends in hospitalization of HIV-infected children aged 18 years or younger, excluding hospitalizations for conditions related to pregnancy/delivery or neonatal diagnoses. The article abstract is available via PubMed.
Tripathi A, Abbott JD, Fonarow GC, et al. Thirty-day readmission rate and costs after percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States: a National Readmission Database analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2017 Dec;10(12):e005925.
This study uses the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) to evaluate 30-day readmissions and associated costs for patients with inpatient percutaneous coronary intervention. The article abstract is available via PubMed.
To read additional recently published articles featuring HCUP data, please visit the Research Spotlights page on the HCUP-US Web site.
Question: I recently purchased the 2015 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and noticed that HCUP Tools, such as the Clinical Classifications Software (CCS) and comorbidity variables, are not on the 2015 Quarter 4 (Q4) files. I would like to add the HCUP Tools to my 2015 Q4 files, but before I do, I have a few questions about the process.
- Why were the tools removed from the 2015 Q4 files?
- Are HCUP Tools for ICD-10-CM/PCS available?
- What version of the ICD-10-CM/PCS tools should I be using?
- Are there load programs or additional documentation to help me apply the ICD-10-CM/PCS HCUP Tools to the 2015 Nationwide databases?
- Is there any guidance available for users performing longitudinal trend analyses including the ICD-10-CM/PCS data?
Why were the tools removed from the 2015 Q4 files?
Data elements derived from AHRQ Software Tools (i.e., CCS, Chronic Condition Indicator, and Procedure Classes) are not available in the Q4 files because the ICD-10-CM/PCS versions of these tools are still under development. In the 2015 NIS, data elements based on AHRQ Software Tools are unavailable for the Diagnosis and Procedure Groups File for Q4 as well as the Disease Severity Measures File for Q4.
Are HCUP Tools for ICD-10-CM/PCS available?
HCUP Tools have been translated to ICD-10-CM/PCS as part of the conversion to the new coding system on October 1, 2015. Beta versions of the ICD-10 HCUP Tools are available at https://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/
tools_software.jsp. This translation is not final and is being modified on an ongoing basis.
What version of the ICD-10-CM/PCS tools should I be using?
The latest version of HCUP Tools should always be used. Updated versions of the HCUP Tools are released in the fall (usually mid-to-late October) to reflect the annual release of new or updated Federal fiscal year codes, although occasionally the HCUP Tools are rereleased during a Federal fiscal year to apply changes to the Tools assignment of specific codes. HCUP Tools now incorporate a versioning system that refers to both the Federal fiscal year and an incremented release number (e.g., CCS for ICD-10-CM/PCS Version 2018.1).
The latest version is always available on the HCUP-US Web site. As an example, the latest version of the CCS for ICD-10 is available in the Downloading Information of CCS for ICD-10-CM/PCS Tool section of the Beta CCS for ICD-10-CM/PCS page of the HCUP-US Web site.
Are there load programs or additional documentation to help me apply the ICD-10-CM/PCS HCUP Tools to the 2015 Nationwide databases?
For users wishing to append the ICD-10-CM/PCS HCUP Tools to the 2015 Nationwide databases, ASCII versions of the ICD-10 HCUP Tools are available for use with user analytic software such as SAS®, Stata®, and IBM® SPSS Statistics. The ZIP file that includes the ASCII version of the ICD-10 HCUP Tool also includes a Load Program that is unique to that HCUP Tool and a 1–2-page Load Guide that includes step-by-step instructions. The HCUP Tools Loading Tutorial also walks users through the process of locating, downloading, and applying HCUP Tools, using the CCS for ICD-10-PCS as an example.
Is there any guidance available for users performing longitudinal trend analyses including ICD-10-CM/PCS data?
Users are encouraged to review the ICD-10-CM/PCS Resources Page on HCUP-US for guidance on analyzing outcomes that may be affected by the transition to the ICD-10-CM/PCS coding system. Several reports are available that offer HCUP recommendations for reporting trends spanning the ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS coding systems. Also provided are other Federal or State Web-related resources with information on ICD-10-CM/PCS.
The HCUP e-News is available online at the HCUP-US Web site and distributed via the HCUP Mailing List.
For more information and questions regarding the HCUP e-News, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
For a complete list of HCUP presentations and events, visit the HCUP Events Calendar.
- April 18, 2018: HCUP Database Overview Webinar
- April 25, 2018: HCUP Overview of Products and Tools Webinar
- June 10-13, 2018: 7th Conference of the American Society of Health Economists (ASHEcon)
ο Exhibit Booth, Pre-Conference Workshop, Poster Presentations
- June 24-26, 2018: AcademyHealth 2018 Annual Research Meeting (ARM)
ο Exhibit Booth, HCUP Session, Poster Presentations