sábado, 20 de febrero de 2016

CDC Act Against AIDS Campaigns: Web updates

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Additional Resources:
Act Against AIDS 
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Get information about personal risk, prevention, and testing.
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The following Morbidity and Mortality Reports have been added to the web:

The findings in this report do not provide evidence that HIV-related risk behaviors alone drive the higher numbers of HIV diagnoses among young black MSM compared with young Hispanic and white MSM. In fact, young black male students who had sexual contact with males often had a lower prevalence of HIV-related risk behaviors.

This is the first well-documented work-related HIV transmission among male adult film performers. A performer was infected by a non–work-related partner who was not aware of his HIV infection. The performer, having tested negative by nucleic acid amplification test within the preceding 14 days, and unaware of his very recent HIV infection, infected another performer and a non–work-related partner. Viruses in all four HIV infections were highly genetically related, indicating a transmission cluster.

Hispanics/Latinos in the United States are affected disproportionately by HIV infection, AIDS, and other STDs; however, few effective evidence-based prevention interventions for this population exist. This report describes the Hombres Manteniendo Bienestar y Relaciones Saludables (Men Maintaining Wellbeing and Healthy Relationships) (HoMBReS) intervention, which was developed by a community-based, participatory research partnership in North Carolina and initially implemented during 2005–2009.

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are affected disproportionately by HIV in the United States. Although approximately 3% of the adolescent and adult U.S. male population is estimated to have engaged in same-sex behavior in the past year, in 2011, MSM accounted for 65% of the estimated 49,273 new HIV infections and 82% of the estimated 38,825 HIV diagnoses among all males aged >13 years. Sexual risk behavior accounts for most HIV infections among MSM, and anal intercourse without a condom is the primary route for transmitting HIV infection to an uninfected person.

The largest cluster of new HIV infections ever attributed to unsafe injections among a general population was reported in a rural area of Cambodia; 2.7% of residents were infected. The outbreak was detected after increased demand for HIV testing by residents who perceived themselves to be at risk after exposure to an unlicensed provider of injections and intravenous infusions. HIV prevention strategies that target specific populations often do not consider the risk for HIV transmission via unsafe injections in the general population. Measures to reduce both the demand for unnecessary medical injections and the provision of unsafe injections are needed.

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