Expanded Medicaid eligibility geared toward pregnant women and infants during the 1980s and 1990s appears to have improved oral health among non-Hispanic black adults who became eligible as infants, an AHRQ study found. Findings using federal survey data suggest that the expansions may have had long-lasting effects on the oral health of the children, perhaps due to an increase in expectant mothers’ use of prenatal care and access to health care, including dental care. Results also suggest that oral health among non-Hispanic black and Hispanic young adults may have improved due to expanded income eligibility for Medicaid enrollees ages 1 to 6. Taken together, these findings indicate that the Medicaid expansions of the 1980s and 1990s may have had long-lasting effects for certain low-income children and helped narrow racial/ethnic disparities in adult oral health. Access an abstract of the article, “Previous Medicaid Expansion May Have Had Lasting Positive Effects on Oral Health of Non-Hispanic Black Children,” in the December issue of Health Affairs.