Recruitment methods for survey research: Findings from the Mid-South Clinical Data Research Network. - PubMed - NCBI
Recruitment methods for survey research: Findings from the Mid-South Clinical Data Research Network.
, Jackson N2
, Roumie CL3
, Harris PA4
, Rosenbloom ST5
, Pulley J2
, Wilkins CH6
, Williams NA7
, Crenshaw D2
, Leak C2
, Scherdin J2
, Muñoz D2
, Bachmann J2
, Rothman RL4
, Kripalani S4
The objective of this study was to report survey response rates and demographic characteristics of eight recruitment approaches to determine acceptability and effectiveness of large-scale patient recruitment among various populations.
We conducted a cross sectional analysis of survey data from two large cohorts. Patients were recruited from the Mid-South Clinical Data Research Network using clinic-based recruitment, research registries, and mail, phone, and email approaches. Response rates are reported as patients who consented for the survey divided by the number of eligible patients approached.
We contacted more than 90,000 patients and 13,197 patients completed surveys. Median age was 56.3years (IQR 40.9, 67.4). Racial/ethnic distribution was 84.1% White, non-Hispanic; 9.9% Black, non-Hispanic; 1.8% Hispanic; and 4.0% other, non-Hispanic. Face-to-face recruitment had the highest response rate of 94.3%, followed by participants who "opted-in" to a registry (76%). The lowest response rate was for unsolicited emails from the clinic (6.1%). Face-to-face recruitment enrolled a higher percentage of participants who self-identified as Black, non-Hispanic compared to other approaches (18.6% face-to-face vs. 8.4% for email).
Technology-enabled recruitment approaches such as registries and emails are effective for recruiting but may yield less racial/ethnic diversity compared to traditional, more time-intensive approaches.
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Information storage and retrieval; Patient selection; Response rates; Surveys and Questionnaires
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