Care Processes May Reduce Agitation in People with Dementia
Providing pleasant sensory stimulation, such as calm music, may reduce agitation in patients with dementia, according to a new research review from AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program. The report compared characteristics and outcomes of patients in nursing homes and other residential long-term care settings. Individualized care and skill training may also reduce pain and agitation and improve function. Overall, outcomes for people with dementia do not differ between nursing homes and residential care/assisted living settings, except for those who need medical care and may benefit from a nursing home setting. As many as one in eight individuals ages 65 years or older, or an estimated 5 million people, has dementia. These findings and future research needs are summarized in Comparison of Characteristics of Nursing Homes and Other Residential Long-Term Care Settings for People With Dementia.