New publications from AHRQ summarize the effectiveness of behavioral programs to supplement clinical care for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, conditions that affect about 29 million Americans. The publications, developed for clinicians and consumers, reflect the findings of an AHRQ-funded systematic review that examined behavioral programs for diabetes self-management including patient education, dietary interventions and structured exercise or physical activity interventions. Findings show, for example, that people with type 1 diabetes who participated in behavioral programs had greater reductions in hemoglobin A1c levels at six months, but that more research is needed to know if reductions can be sustained for 12 months or longer. For people with type 2 diabetes, 11 or more hours of behavioral programs resulted in improvements in glycemic control. AHRQ’s new online publications for clinicians summarize the effectiveness of behavioral programs and indicate the strength of evidence behind the findings:
- Behavioral Programs for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Current State of the Evidence
- Behavioral Programs for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Current State of the Evidence
Summaries for patients are written in plain language:
- Behavioral Programs To Help Manage Type 1 Diabetes: A Review of the Research for Children, Teens, and Adults
- Behavioral Programs To Help Manage Type 2 Diabetes: A Review of the Research for Adults
Call (800) 358-9295 or email AHRQPubs@ahrq.hhs.gov for printed versions of the patient publications.