domingo, 8 de febrero de 2015

MMWR- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

MMWR- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

MMWR News Synopsis for February 5, 2015

HIV Testing and Service Delivery Among Blacks/African Americans-61 Jurisdictions, United States, 2013
African Americans accounted for nearly half of people reached by CDC-funded HIV testing efforts and more than half of all new HIV diagnoses in 2013, according to a new analysis of CDC-funded testing efforts in 61 U.S. areas. Data underscore the disproportionate HIV burden among African American men who have sex with men (MSM). To assess the impact of CDC-funded HIV testing and service delivery efforts, researchers examined data submitted by 61 health department jurisdictions and 151 directly-funded community-based organizations through the National HIV Prevention Program Monitoring and Evaluation system.
Mortality Among Adult and Adolescent Blacks or African Americans with HIV Infection- United States, 2008-2012

According to a new CDC analysis, death rates among African Americans with HIV declined 28 percent from 2008 to 2012 – more than among any other race/ethnicity. While disparities between races/ethnicities have narrowed, death rates remain higher among African Americans with HIV than among those of other races/ethnicities. To better understand mortality among African Americans with HIV, researchers analyzed data from the National HIV Surveillance System for 2008 through 2012. Because immune suppression caused by HIV infection can result in fatal co-illnesses, authors estimated deaths due to all causes, rather than limiting their analysis to deaths resulting directly from HIV infection.

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Age 19 Years or Older- United States, 2015
Vaccines are recommended for adults throughout their lifetime based on their age, health conditions, prior vaccinations and other factors. All adults are recommended to receive the influenza vaccine yearly, at least one dose of Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis) vaccine, shingles vaccine at age 60 years, and two different pneumococcal vaccines at age 65 (sometimes earlier depending on medical conditions). Other vaccines may also be needed based on an adult’s medical conditions and prior vaccinations or travel. Adults should talk to their healthcare providers about which vaccines they might need. Vaccines are recommended for adults throughout their lifetime.

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Age 0 Through 18 Years- United States, 2015
In October 2014, ACIP approved the recommended immunization schedules for persons age 0 through 18 years for 2015. These schedules may be accessed from this article. Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) reviews the recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years to ensure that the schedules reflect current recommendations for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-licensed vaccines.

Vaccination Coverage Among Adults, Excluding Influenza Vaccination — United States, 2013
Vaccines are available to protect adults from potentially life-threatening infectious diseases, but vaccination rates among adults remain low. CDC urges adults to get recommended vaccines and advises healthcare providers to assess which vaccines their adult patients need and offer them. Vaccinations are recommended throughout life to prevent infectious diseases and their sequelae. Adult vaccination coverage, however, remains low for most routinely recommended vaccines and below Healthy People 2020 targets.


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