Epilepsia. 2017 Jan;58(1):68-76. doi: 10.1111/epi.13607. Epub 2016 Nov 19.
Structured clinical documentation in the electronic medical record to improve quality and to support practice-based research in epilepsy.
Narayanan J1, Dobrin S1, Choi J1, Rubin S1, Pham A1, Patel V1, Frigerio R1, Maurer D2, Gupta P2, Link L2, Walters S3, Wang C3, Ji Y3, Maraganore DM1.
Using the electronic medical record (EMR) to capture structured clinical data at the point of care would be a practical way to support quality improvement and practice-based research in epilepsy.
We describe our stepwise process for building structured clinical documentation support tools in the EMR that define best practices in epilepsy, and we describe how we incorporated these toolkits into our clinical workflow.
These tools write notes and capture hundreds of fields of data including several score tests: Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 items, Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Quality of Life in Epilepsy-10 items, Montreal Cognitive Assessment/Short Test of Mental Status, and Medical Research Council Prognostic Index. The tools summarize brain imaging, blood laboratory, and electroencephalography results, and document neuromodulation treatments. The tools provide Best Practices Advisories and other clinical decision support when appropriate. The tools prompt enrollment in a DNA biobanking study. We have thus far enrolled 231 patients for initial visits and are starting our first annual follow-up visits and provide a brief description of our cohort.
We are sharing these EMR tools and captured data with other epilepsy clinics as part of a Neurology Practice Based Research Network, and are using the tools to conduct pragmatic trials using subgroup-based adaptive designs.
© 2016 The Authors. Epilepsia published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International League Against Epilepsy.
Best practices; Clinical decision support; Electronic medical record; Epilepsy; Outcomes; Pragmatic trials; Structured clinical documentation support