Influence of surgeon behavior on trainee willingness to speak up: a randomized controlled trial.
Barzallo Salazar MJ, Minkoff H, Bayya J, et al. J Am Coll Surg. 2014;219:1001-1007.
Silence and poor communication are known threats to patient safety. In this simulation study, medical students were more likely to speak up if they noticed an error when paired with an attending surgeon who used encouraging rather than dismissive language.
Attitudinal changes resulting from repetitive training of operating room personnel using high-fidelity simulation at the point of care.
Paige JT, Kozmenko V, Yang T, et al. Am Surg. 2009;75:584-591.
The relationship of the emotional climate of work and threat to patient outcome in a high-volume thoracic surgery operating room team.
Nurok M, Evans LA, Lipsitz S, Satwicz P, Kelly A, Frankel A. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011;20:237-242.
Use of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire as a measure in patient safety improvement.
Watts BV, Percarpio K, West P, Mills PD. J Patient Saf. 2010;6:206-209.
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Communication failure in the operating room.
Halverson AL, Casey JT, Andersson J, et al. Surgery. 2011;49:305-310.