miércoles, 12 de octubre de 2016

The inpatient burden of psoriasis in the United States. - PubMed - NCBI

The inpatient burden of psoriasis in the United States. - PubMed - NCBI



 2016 Jul;75(1):33-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2016.03.048. Epub 2016 May 20.

The inpatient burden of psoriasis in the United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although psoriasis has been linked to increased inpatient cardiovascular mortality, little is known about hospitalization for psoriasis and its inpatient burden in the United States in terms of frequency and cost.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine risk factors for hospitalization for psoriasis and quantify cost of care, length of stay, and in-hospital mortality.

METHODS:

We conducted a cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, containing a representative 20% sample of all US hospitalizations.

RESULTS:

Hospitalization for psoriasis was associated with nonwhite race (Asian odds ratio [OR] 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.55-2.78; black OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.43-1.89; and multiracial/other OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.13-2.11) and insurance status (Medicare OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.26-1.40; Medicaid OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.25-1.40; and uninsured OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.64-2.30). Mean cost of care was lower for a primary diagnosis of psoriasis in comparison with patients without psoriasis ($7433 ± $254 vs $9956 ± $76; P = .002). Length of stay was significantly prolonged forpatients with a primary diagnosis of psoriasis compared with no psoriasis (5.4 ± 0.2 vs 4.6 ± 0.02 days; P < .0001). Mean adjusted in-hospital mortality was 0.4% and 1.8% for a primary or no diagnosis of psoriasis, respectively.

LIMITATIONS:

We were unable to look at medication usage and its impact on hospitalization. Information regarding the severity of psoriasis and how this may have affected in-hospital procedures was not available.

CONCLUSION:

There are racial and health care disparities in hospitalization for psoriasis, stressing the need for improved access to dermatologiccare for all patients.
Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

burden; cost of care; hospitalization; inpatient; length of stay; mortality; psoriasis; racial disparities

[PubMed - in process]