lunes, 30 de octubre de 2017

Ectogenesis: the end of the abortion debate?

Ectogenesis: the end of the abortion debate?

Ectogenesis: the end of the abortion debate?
Ectogenesis, or the gestation of fetus in an environment ex utero, was once an idea confined to the realm of science fiction. But research involving the incubation of premature lambs in artificial gestation bags has made pundits think that fetal development ex utero may soon be possible.
The possibility of ectogenesis raises significant ethical questions, such as this: “will ecogenesis allow us to reconcile pro-choice and pro-life positions on abortion?”
Some ethicists say “yes”. In theory, the new technology will mean that we no longer have to argue about the burden that pregnancy places on a mother, as ectogenesis literally takes away the physical burden that child poses (at least for the duration of fetal development).
Bioethicists Eric Mathison and Jeremy Davis from the University of Toronto recently argued that women have a right to abortion -- i.e., having fetuses removed from their bodies --  but not a right to kill the fetus. Mathison and Davis argue that removing a fetus and placing it in ectogenesis is a way of respecting both the rights of the mother and the rights of the fetus. They call their solution to the abortion dilemma “ectogenesis abortion”.
But some ethicists are suspicious of this view. In a paper published recently in the journal Bioethics, Joona Rasanen, a graduate of the University of Helsinki,  argues that even when the fetus has been removed from the mother, parents still have a right to genetic privacy and property rights. These rights in turn give them a “right to the death of the fetus”.
“...if ectogenesis abortions become reality, some women (and men) will have genetic children out there who carry their genetic material without their consent. In this scenario, their right to genetic privacy has been violated, and the only way to avoid this is if they have a right to the death of the fetus…[and] there is yet another way to claim that the genetic parents have a right to the death of the fetus: the genetic parents own the fetus, and because of that, their property rights are violated if the fetus is gestated in an artificial womb without their consent.”


Sunday, October 29, 2017

Stories like this have surfaced in BioEdge before, but I have always found them quite touching. We report below that researchers have found that a Neanderthal who lived in a large cave in Iraq about 50,000 years ago was terribly handicapped. Not only was he blind in one eye, missing a forearm, and crippled, but he was also profoundly deaf. With Pleistocene lions and tigers prowling in the neighbourhood, this was a big handicap for a forager.

How did he survive? His clan cared for him, tended to his needs, healed his wounds and protected him. He died at the ripe old age of 40 or 50 (equivalent to about 80 nowadays). Obviously Thomas Hobbes' infamous maxim -- that the life of man outside society is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short" -- needs to be revised. Primitive as they were, these Neanderthals had their own family-based version of Obamacare.

Michael Cook
Comment on BioedgeFind Us on FacebookFollow us on Twitter

by Xavier Symons | Oct 28, 2017
The international medical community is closely watching the debate in Victoria.

by Xavier Symons | Oct 28, 2017
Will ectogenesis allow us to overcome pro-choice/pro-life divisions?

by Xavier Symons | Oct 28, 2017
Researchers may have found a way to effectively treat spina bifida during pregnancy.

by Michael Cook | Oct 28, 2017
One psychiatrist is doing far more cases than her colleagues

by Michael Cook | Oct 28, 2017
50,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers cared lovingly for their disabled

by Michael Cook | Oct 28, 2017
An American woman almost loses her own child

by Xavier Symons | Oct 28, 2017
The Pope says that people with disabilities face an “attitude of rejection”.

by Rachael Wong | Oct 28, 2017
Women are more at risk if assisted dying is legalised
Phone: +61 2 8005 8605
Mobile: 0422-691-615

No hay comentarios: