Data Brief, No. 303. Prevalence of Depression Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 2013–2016.
This data brief provides the most recent national estimates of depression among adults. During 2013–2016, 8.1% of American adults had depression in a given 2-week period. As observed in other studies depression was almost twice as common among women as among men. Depression prevalence did not differ by age. Non-Hispanic Asian adults had the lowest prevalence of depression, a finding noted in other studies. Depression prevalence did not vary significantly among the other race and Hispanic-origin groups studied. The proportion of adults with depression increased with decreasing family income level. About 80% of adults with depression reported at least some difficulty with work, home, or social activities due to their depression symptoms. From 2007–2008 to 2015–2016, the prevalence of depression among both men and women showed no significant changes, similar to the results of another major federal survey that tracks depression estimates in the United States. Some persons with depression may not have been able or willing to participate in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Therefore, these findings may represent conservative estimates of depression among adults in the United States. Data from the NHANES 2007–2016 were used for these analyses.