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Published Date: 2018-02-13 08:35:11
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (ZB) bovine, st O, OIE
Archive Number: 20180213.5624383
A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Mon 12 Feb 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2018; 31(07) [edited]

Foot-and-mouth disease, Russia
Information received on [and dated] 12 Feb 2018 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia

Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 1 Feb 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 9 Feb 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 7 Nov 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: O
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Afana'ev BB, Borzinsky, Zabajkal' Skij Kray [Zabaykalsky]
Date of start of the outbreak: 1 Feb 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 85 / 85 / - / - / -

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 100 / ** / ** / **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter
** Not calculated because of missing information

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone; quarantine; official destruction of animal products; zoning; disinfection; vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists); no treatment of affected animals;
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s); stamping out

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
All-Russian Research Institute for Animal Health (FGBI-ARRIAH) (OIE's reference laboratory) / Cattle / reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) / 9 Feb 2018 / Positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

Communicated by:

[According to the information included in the European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease) monthly report "Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Situation", October 2017: "FMD outbreaks due to serotype O were notified between [30 Sep and 9 Oct 2017] in 5 different epidemiological units, involving small and large domestic ruminants at Buzdyaksky, Republic of Bashkortostan. All the outbreaks were reported as resolved as from [7 Nov 2017]. All the animals present in the outbreaks were destroyed. The FGBI-ARRIAH confirmed the diagnosis on [5 Oct 2017] by conducting PCR on samples taken from the affected species.

"A summary of the animals involved and location of the outbreaks are respectively reported in Table 3 and Map 3 [see report in the link below]. Of note is the particularly high morbidity in the small ruminants, in which the disease is not usually clinically evident. In none of the cases is the origin of the outbreak known and the containment measures adopted are as following: movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, surveillance within containment and/or protection zone, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, zoning, disinfection, vaccination in case of suitable one, and stamping out. No treatment is being administered to the affected animals. Following an immediate notification received from the OIE Delegate of Russia the "country having an FMD free zone where vaccination is not practised" status for Russia, as recognised by the OIE World Assembly of Delegates in terms of Resolution No. 22 in May 2017, is suspended with effect from [30 Sep 2017]."

"The FMDV VP1 sequence of a bovine sample collected from one of the aforementioned outbreaks, submitted by the FGBI-ARRIAH (OIE reference laboratory) to the WRLFMD, was typed as O/ME-SA and the most closely related sequence belongs to the field virus PAK/41/2012 detected in cattle, with relatively low seq id of 95.9 percent. Further to the diagnostic activities carried out in the above-mentioned outbreaks, FGBI-ARRIAH examined for FMDV antibodies 10 406 and 7276 serum blood samples, respectively collected from vaccinated and non vaccinated animals. The FGBI-ARRIAH continues to provide support to the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and to the Veterinary Services of the Russian Federation by respectively supplying materials and technical advice."

The said and additional information is available at - Mod.CRD

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map
Borzinskiy Rayon, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia:]

See Also

Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (BK) st O, livestock, OIE 20171009.5369169
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia (03): (DG,DU) multiple species, st O, spread, OIE 20170901.5288720
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia (02): multiple species, st. O, spread 20170812.5245272
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia: (SB, DD) multiple species, st O, OIE 20170214.4836897
Foot & mouth disease - China: (Tibet) serotype O, bovine, OIE 20170209.4827357
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia: (GS) bovine, st A, OIE 20160726.4369209
Foot & mouth disease - Kazakhstan: (WK) bovine, susp, RFI 20160717.4350687
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (XJ) st O, bovine, OIE 20161130.4666050
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (JX) st O, porcine, OIE 20161124.4653143
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (13): (ZB) st O, bovine, OIE 20161129.4663033
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (12): (VL) bovine, st Asia1, lab studies 20161129.4662876
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (11): (ZB) bovine, susp, RFI 20161126.4656143
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (10): (VL) bovine, st Asia 1, resolved, OIE 20161120.4642801
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (07): (VL) bovine, st Asia1, milk, public health RFI 20161101.4598212
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (06): (VL) bovine, st Asia 1, recall, intl. impact 20161028.4593046
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (05): (VL) bovine, OIE, vacc source susp, RFI 20161027.4590117
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (02): (VL) bovine, st Asia 1, new strain, OIE 20161021.4574783
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (03): (PR) st O, swine, OIE 20140521.2488506
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (02): (ZB) st O, bovine, OIE 20140213.2275582
Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (ZB) st A, bovine, OIE 20140131.2243947
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (10): (ZB, AM) st A, emergency vaccine, RFI 20131101.2033466
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (09): (ZB) st A, spread, OIE 20130927.1971496
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia (03): (DD) serotype A, bovine, 1st report OIE 20130927.1971578
Foot & mouth disease - China (17): (XJ) st. A, bovine 20130925.1966913
Foot & mouth disease - Mongolia (02): (BO) bovine, OIE, st A, 1st report 20130711.1819287
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (06): (KD) genotyping, A Iran-05 lineage 20130710.1818136
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (05): (AM, KD) st. A, bovine, OIE 20130701.1802284
Foot & mouth disease - Russia (02): (ZB) st A 20130404.1622342
Foot & mouth disease - Russia: (ZB) st A, SE Asia topotype, bov, porc, OIE 20130318.1592575

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