Guide helps hospitals engage patients and families in their health care
Research shows that when patients are engaged in their health care, safety and quality can improve measurably. To promote stronger engagement, AHRQ developed the Guide to Patient and Family Engagement in Hospital Quality and Safety, a tested, evidence-based resource to help hospitals work as partners with patients and families to improve quality and safety.
Among other information, the free guide includes four specific strategies:
• Working with Patients and Families as Advisors—shows how hospitals can work with patients and family members as advisors at the organizational level.
• Communicating to Improve Quality—helps improve communication among patients, family members, clinicians, and hospital staff from the point of admission.
• Nurse Bedside Shift Report—supports the safe handoff of care between nurses by involving the patient and family in the change of shift report for nurses.
• IDEAL Discharge Planning—helps reduce preventable readmissions by engaging patients and family members in the transition from hospital to home.
It also features lessons learned from hospitals that have used the guide.
Guide to Patient and Family Engagement in Hospital Quality and Safety
The Guide to Patient and Family Engagement in Hospital Quality and Safety focuses on four primary strategies for promoting patient/family engagement in hospital safety and quality of care:
- Encourage patients and family members to participate as advisors.
- Promote better communication among patients, family members, and health care professionals from the point of admission.
- Implement safe continuity of care by keeping the patient and family informed through nurse bedside change-of-shift reports.
- Engage patients and families in discharge planning throughout the hospital stay.
As a first step in developing the guide, AHRQ conducted an environmental scan assessing the current literature, tools, and resources available to engage patients and families in their care in the hospital setting. The scan includes:
- A framework that describes how patient and family engagement can lead to improved quality and safety.
- A description of factors that influence patient and family engagement, including characteristics and perspectives of patients, families, health care professionals, and hospital organizational and cultural factors.
- Hospital-based methods and materials currently being used to engage patients and families in the safety and quality of care.
- An analysis of what materials are needed but do not currently exist.
Read the findings from the environmental scan report, Guide to Patient and Family Engagement: Final Environmental Scan Report, at: http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/ptfamilyscan/.
Based on the environmental scan report, AHRQ developed the Guide to Patient and Family Engagement in Hospital Quality and Safety, which underwent pilot testing at three hospitals and was refined based on feedback from patients, family members, health professionals, and hospital administrators.
For more information about the environmental scan or the Guide to Patient and Family Engagement in Hospital Quality and Safety, contact Margie Shofer at (301) 427-1259 or Marjorie.email@example.com.
Current as of June 2013