Using novel method to identify missed myocardial infarction, study finds that about 1% of myocardial infarction admissions represent prior misdiagnosis.Diagnosis. 2015;2:29-40.
Missed diagnoses of acute myocardial infarction in the emergency department: variation by patient and facility characteristics.
Moy E, Barrett M, Coffey R, Hines AL, Newman-Toker DE. Diagnosis. 2015;2:29-40.
Although missed and delayed diagnoses are known to contribute to morbidity and mortality, measuring the extent of their impact on patient safety remains a challenge. In this study, researchers sought to identify missed diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using administrative data, an approach similar to prior studies of diagnostic accuracy. They suggest that patients treated in the emergency department for chest pain or a cardiac condition and released, who were then hospitalized for AMI within 7 days of that visit experienced a missed AMI diagnosis. The authors estimate that nearly 1% of AMI admissions represent a prior missed diagnosis. Younger patients and black patients had higher odds of missed diagnosis, raising concerns for disparities in the diagnostic process. Conversely, teaching hospital status and availability of cardiac catheterization were associated with lower odds of missed diagnosis, suggesting that settings where AMI is more commonly treated have higher diagnostic accuracy, mirroring earlier research on cognition and diagnosis. This study represents a promising approach for identifying missed diagnosis for other common conditions using available data.
Missed diagnosis of stroke in the emergency department: a cross-sectional analysis of a large population-based sample.
Newman-Toker DE, Moy E, Valente E, Coffey R, Hines AL. Diagnosis. 2014;1:155-166.
Redesigning surgical decision making for high-risk patients.
Glance LG, Osler TM, Neuman MD. N Engl J Med. 2014;370:1379-1381.
Classifying errors in preventable and potentially preventable trauma deaths: a 9-year review using the Joint Commission's standardized methodology.
Vioque SM, Kim PK, McMaster J, et al. Am J Surg. 2014;208:187-194.
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Crushing Chest Pain: A Missed Opportunity.
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