miércoles, 12 de octubre de 2016

Clinical Complexity in Medicine: A Measurement Model of Task and Patient Complexity. - PubMed - NCBI

Clinical Complexity in Medicine: A Measurement Model of Task and Patient Complexity. - PubMed - NCBI



 2016;55(1):14-22. doi: 10.3414/ME15-01-0031. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Clinical Complexity in Medicine: A Measurement Model of Task and Patient Complexity.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Complexity in medicine needs to be reduced to simple components in a way that is comprehensible to researchers and clinicians. Few studies in the current literature propose a measurement model that addresses both task and patient complexity in medicine.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this paper is to develop an integrated approach to understand and measure clinical complexity by incorporating both task and patient complexity components focusing on the infectious disease domain. The measurement model was adapted and modified for the healthcare domain.

METHODS:

Three clinical infectious disease teams were observed, audio-recorded and transcribed. Each team included an infectious diseases expert, one infectious diseases fellow, one physician assistant and one pharmacy resident fellow. The transcripts were parsed and the authors independently coded complexity attributes. This baseline measurement model of clinical complexity was modified in an initial set of coding processes and further validated in a consensus-based iterative process that included several meetings and email discussions by three clinical experts from diverse backgrounds from the Department of Biomedical Informatics at the University of Utah. Inter-rater reliability was calculated using Cohen's kappa.

RESULTS:

The proposed clinical complexity model consists of two separate components. The first is a clinical task complexity model with 13 clinical complexity-contributing factors and 7 dimensions. The second is the patient complexity model with 11 complexity-contributing factors and 5 dimensions.

CONCLUSION:

The measurement model for complexity encompassing both task and patient complexity will be a valuable resource for future researchers and industry to measure and understand complexity in healthcare.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical/Utilization; Decision Complexity; Decision Support Systems; Health Care/methods; Humans; Information Technology; Quality Assurance; Social Medicine/Methods; Software Design

PMID:
 
26404626
 
PMCID:
 
PMC4869720
 
DOI:
 
10.3414/ME15-01-0031

[PubMed - in process] 
Free PMC Article