aportes a la gestión necesaria para la sustentabilidad de la SALUD PÚBLICA como figura esencial de los servicios sociales básicos para la sociedad humana, para la familia y para la persona como individuo que participa de la vida ciudadana.
jueves, 12 de marzo de 2015
Effect of expanding medicaid for parents on children's health insur... - PubMed - NCBI
Expanding Medicaid to Parents Is Associated With Increased Coverage for Children, According to AHRQ Study
An AHRQ-funded study published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics found that children whose parents applied for and received Medicaid insurance had a higher probability of also being covered. The study assessed results of Oregon’s expansion of Medicaid in 2008 when uninsured, low-income individuals were randomly selected to apply for coverage. The study found that parents selected to apply for Medicaid conveyed 18 percent higher odds of their children also getting coverage within the first six months. Children of parents who both applied for and later obtained Medicaid had more than double the odds of receiving coverage compared with children whose parents were not selected. These results demonstrate a causal link between parents’ access to Medicaid coverage and their children’s coverage, researchers said. The study, “Effect of Expanding Medicaid for Parents on Children’s Health Insurance Coverage: Lessons From the Oregon Experiment,” andabstract were published January 5.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Jan;169(1):e143145. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3145. Epub 2015 Jan 5.
Effect of expanding medicaid for parents on children's health insurance coverage: lessons from the Oregon experiment.
In the United States, health insurance is not universal. Observational studies show an association between uninsured parents and children. This association persisted even after expansions in child-only public health insurance. Oregon's randomized Medicaid expansion for adults, known as the Oregon Experiment, created a rare opportunity to assess causality between parent and child coverage.
To estimate the effect on a child's health insurance coverage status when (1) a parent randomly gains access to health insurance and (2) a parent obtains coverage.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:
Oregon Experiment randomized natural experiment assessing the results of Oregon's 2008 Medicaid expansion. We used generalized estimating equation models to examine the longitudinal effect of a parent randomly selected to apply for Medicaid on their child's Medicaid or Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) coverage (intent-to-treat analyses). We used per-protocol analyses to understand the impact on children's coverage when a parent was randomly selected to apply for and obtained Medicaid. Participants included 14409 children aged 2 to 18 years whose parents participated in the Oregon Experiment.
For intent-to-treat analyses, the date a parent was selected to apply for Medicaid was considered the date the child was exposed to the intervention. In per-protocol analyses, exposure was defined as whether a selected parent obtained Medicaid.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:
Children's Medicaid or CHIP coverage, assessed monthly and in 6-month intervals relative to their parent's selection date.
In the immediate period after selection, children whose parents were selected to apply significantly increased from 3830 (61.4%) to 4152 (66.6%) compared with a nonsignificant change from 5049 (61.8%) to 5044 (61.7%) for children whose parents were not selected to apply. Children whose parents were randomly selected to apply for Medicaid had 18% higher odds of being covered in the first 6 months after parent's selection compared with children whose parents were not selected (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.18; 95% CI, 1.10-1.27). The effect remained significant during months 7 to 12 (AOR=1.11; 95% CI, 1.03-1.19); months 13 to 18 showed a positive but not significant effect (AOR=1.07; 95% CI, 0.99-1.14). Children whose parents were selected and obtained coverage had more than double the odds of having coverage compared with children whose parents were not selected and did not gain coverage (AOR=2.37; 95% CI, 2.14-2.64).
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:
Children's odds of having Medicaid or CHIP coverage increased when their parents were randomly selected to apply for Medicaid. Children whose parents were selected and subsequently obtained coverage benefited most. This study demonstrates a causal link between parents' access to Medicaid coverage and their children's coverage.
ver historia personal en: www.cerasale.com.ar [dado de baja por la Cancillería Argentina por temas políticos, propio de la censura que rige en nuestro medio]//
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weblog.maimonides.edu/farmacia/archives/0216_Admin_FarmEcon.pdf - //
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