|MMWR Early Release|
Vol. 65, Early Release
March 15, 2016
CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain — United States, 2016
Deborah Dowell, MD; Tamara M. Haegerich, PhD; Roger Chou, MD.
MMWR Recomm Rep 2016;(Early Release):1–49
This guideline provides recommendations for primary care providers who are prescribing
opioids for chronic pain outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life
care. The guideline addresses 1) when to initiate or continue opioids for chronic pain; 2)
opioid selection, dosage, duration, follow-up, and discontinuation; and 3) assessing risk
and addressing harms of opioid use. This guideline is intended to improve communication
between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic
pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated
with long-term opioid therapy, including abuse, dependence, overdose, and death.