|MMWR Recommendations and Reports|
Vol. 65, No. RR-1
March 18, 2016
CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain — United States, 2016
Deborah Dowell, MD; Tamara M. Haegerich, PhD; Roger Chou, MD.
MMWR Recomm Rep 2016;65:1–49
This guideline provides recommendations for primary care providers who are
prescribing opioids for chronic pain outside of active cancer treatment, palliative
care, and end-of-life care. The guideline addresses 1) when to initiate or continue
opioids for chronic pain; 2) opioid selection, dosage, duration, follow-up, and
discontinuation; and 3) assessing risk and addressing harms of opioid use. This
guideline is intended to improve communication between providers and patients
about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety
and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term
opioid therapy, including abuse, dependence, overdose, and death.