Preventing Chronic Disease | Flavored Tobacco Use Among Canadian Students in Grades 9 Through 12: Prevalence and Patterns From the 2010–2011 Youth Smoking Survey - CDC
Flavored Tobacco Use Among Canadian Students in Grades 9 Through 12: Prevalence and Patterns From the 2010–2011 Youth Smoking Survey
Leia M. Minaker, PhD; Rashid Ahmed, PhD; David Hammond, PhD; Steve Manske, EdD
Suggested citation for this article:
Minaker LM, Ahmed R, Hammond D, Manske S. Flavored Tobacco Use Among Canadian Students in Grades 9 Through 12: Prevalence and Patterns From the 2010–2011 Youth Smoking Survey. Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:140094. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.140094
This study examined patterns of use of flavored tobacco products in a nationally generalizable sample of Canadian students in grades 9 through 12 after the implementation of a national ban on certain flavored tobacco products.
Data from the 2010–2011 Youth Smoking Survey, a nationally generalizable sample of Canadian students in grades 9 through 12 (n = 31,396), were used to examine tobacco product use. Logistic regression models were used to examine differences in use of flavored tobacco products (cigarettes, pipes, little cigars or cigarillos, cigars, roll-your-own cigarettes, bidis, smokeless tobacco, water pipes, and blunt wraps) by sociodemographic and regional characteristics.
Approximately 52% of young tobacco users used flavored products in the previous 30 days. Flavored tobacco use varied by product type and ranged from 32% of cigarette smokers reporting menthol smoking to 70% of smokeless tobacco users reporting using flavored product in the previous 30 days. The percentage of last-30-day users who used flavored tobacco was significantly higher in Quebec than in Ontario and significantly higher among youths who received weekly spending money than among those who received no money.
More than half of tobacco users in grades 9 through 12 in Canada use flavored tobacco, despite a national ban on certain flavored tobacco products.
The YSS is a product of the pan-Canadian capacity-building project funded through a contract between Health Canada and the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact from 2008 through 2011. The YSS consortium includes Canadian tobacco control researchers from all provinces and provided training opportunities for university students at all levels. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of Health Canada.
Corresponding Author: Leia M. Minaker, PhD, Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1. Telephone: 519-888-4567 ext. 35990. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Author Affiliations: Rashid Ahmed, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, and Cancer Care Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba; David Hammond, Steve Manske, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.
- World Health Organization. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2013. http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/2013/en/index.html. Accessed August 13, 2013.
- Health Canada. Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey (CTUMS) 2011. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/tobac-tabac/research-recherche/stat/ctums-esutc_2011-eng.php. Accessed August 13, 2013.
- Lewis MJ, Wackowski O. Dealing with an innovative industry: a look at flavored cigarettes promoted by mainstream brands. Am J Public Health 2006;96(2):244–51. CrossRef PubMed
- Carpenter CM, Wayne GF, Pauly JL, Koh HK, Connolly GN. New cigarette brands with flavors that appeal to youth: tobacco marketing strategies. Health Aff (Millwood) 2005;24(6):1601–10. CrossRef PubMed
- Klein SM, Giovino GA, Barker DC, Tworek C, Cummings KM, O’Connor RJ. Use of flavored cigarettes among older adolescent and adult smokers: United States, 2004–2005. Nicotine Tob Res 2008;10(7):1209–14. CrossRef PubMed
- Berk CC. RJ Reynolds earnings surged in second quarter. Wall Street Journal 2004 Aug 3. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB109145167056680434.
- Delnevo CD, Wackowski OA, Giovenco DP, Manderski MTB, Hrywna M, Ling PM. Examining market trends in the United States smokeless tobacco use: 2005–2011. Tob Control 2014. 23(2):107–12. CrossRef PubMed
- Kreslake JM, Wayne GF, Connolly GN. The menthol smoker: tobacco industry research on consumer sensory perception of menthol cigarettes and its role in smoking behavior. Nicotine Tob Res 2008;10(4):705–15. CrossRef PubMed
- Manning KC, Kelly KJ, Comello ML. Flavoured cigarettes, sensation seeking and adolescents’ perceptions of cigarette brands. Tob Control 2009;18(6):459–65. CrossRef PubMed
- Hersey JC, Wen Ng S, Nonnemaker JM, Mowery P, Thomas KY, Vilsaint MC, et al. Are menthol cigarettes a starter product for youth? Nicotine Tob Res 2006;8(3):403–13. CrossRef PubMed
- Giovino GA, Villanti AC, Mowery PD, Sevilimedu V, Niaura RS, Vallone DM, et al. Differential trends in cigarette smoking in the USA: is menthol slowing progress? Tob Control 2013. CrossRef PubMed
- Food and Drug Administration. Preliminary scientific evaluation of the possible public health effects of menthol versus nonmenthol cigarettes. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/ScienceResearch/SpecialTopics/
PeerReviewofScientificInformationandAssessments/UCM361598.pdf. Accessed August 19, 2013.
- Nonnemaker J, Hersey J, Homsi G, Allen J, Vallone D. Initiation with menthol cigarettes and youth smoking uptake. Addiction 2013;108(1):171–8.CrossRef PubMed
- Dauphinee AL, Doxey JR, Schleicher NC, Fortmann SP, Henriksen L. Racial differences in cigarette brand recognition and impact on youth smoking. BMC Public Health 2013;13:170. CrossRef PubMed
- Choi K, Fabian L, Mottey N, Corbett A, Forster J. Young adults’ favorable perceptions of snus, dissolvable tobacco products, and electronic cigarettes: findings from a focus group study. Am J Public Health 2012;102(11):2088–93. CrossRef PubMed
- Bill C-32. An act to amend the Tobacco Act, SC 2009. http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/Parliament/LegislativeSummaries/bills_ls.asp?lang=E&ls=c32&Parl=40&Ses=2&source=library_prb. Accessed August 14, 2013.
- Propel Centre for Population Health Impact. Youth Smoking Survey 2012–2013. http://www.yss.uwaterloo.ca/index.cfm?section=1001&page=248. Accessed August 15, 2013.
- Elton-Marshall T, Leatherdale ST, Manske SR, Wong K, Ahmed R, Burkhalter R. Research methods of the Youth Smoking Survey (YSS). Chronic Dis Inj Can 2011;32(1):47–54. PubMed
- King BA, Tynan MA, Dube SR, Arrazola R. Flavored-little-cigar and flavored-cigarette use among U.S. middle and high school students. J Adolesc Health 2014;54(1):40–6. CrossRef PubMed
- Giovino GA, Sidney S, Gfroerer JC, O’Malley PM, Allen JA, Richter PA, et al. Epidemiology of menthol cigarette use. Nicotine Tob Res 2004;6(Suppl 1):S67–81. CrossRef PubMed
- Mutti S, Hammond D, Borland R, Cummings MK, O’Connor RJ, Fong GT. Beyond light and mild: cigarette brand descriptors and perceptions of risk in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Addiction 2011;106(6):1166–75. CrossRef PubMed
- Health Canada. An act to amend the Tobacco Act (2009): Frequently asked questions. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/tobac-tabac/legislation/federal/amend_faq-modif-eng.php#q7. Accessed August 19, 2013.
- National Survey on Drug Use and Health. The NSDUH report: recent trends in menthol cigarette, 2011. http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k11/WEB_SR_088/WEB_SR_088.pdf. Accessed March 20, 2014.
- Oliver AJ, Jensen JA, Vogel RI, Anderson AJ, Hatsukami DK. Flavored and nonflavored smokeless tobacco products: rate, pattern of use, and effects. Nicotine Tob Res 2013;15(1):88–92. CrossRef PubMed
- King BA, Dube SR, Tynan MA. Flavored cigar smoking among U.S. adults: findings from the 2009–2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey. Nicotine Tob Res 2013;15(2):608–14. CrossRef PubMed
- Leatherdale ST, Rios P, Elton-Marshall T, Burkhalter R. Cigar, cigarillo, and little cigar use among Canadian youth: are we underestimating the magnitude of this problem? J Prim Prev 2011;32(3-4):161–70. CrossRef PubMed
- Warner KE, Mackay J. The global tobacco disease pandemic: nature, causes, and cures. Glob Public Health 2006;1(1):65–86. CrossRef PubMed
- Czoli CD, Leatherdale ST, Rynard V. Bidi and hookah use among Canadian youth: findings from the 2010 Canadian Youth Smoking Survey. Prev Chronic Dis 2013;10:E73. CrossRef PubMed
- Elton-Marshall T, Leatherdale ST, Burkhalter R, Brown KS. Changes in tobacco use, susceptibility to future smoking, and quit attempts among Canadian youth over time: a comparison of off-reserve aboriginal and non-aboriginal youth. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2013;10(2):729–41.CrossRef PubMed
- Freedman KS, Nelson NM, Feldman LL. Smoking initiation among young adults in the United States and Canada, 1998–2010: a systematic review. Prev Chronic Dis 2012;9(1):E05. PubMed
- Rising J, Alexander L. Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions. Tob Induc Dis 2011;9(Suppl 1):S2. CrossRef PubMed
- Moreland-Russell S, Harris J, Snider D, Walsh H, Cyr J, Barnoya J. Disparities and menthol marketing: additional evidence in support of point of sale policies. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2013;10(10):4571–83. CrossRef PubMed
- State of Hawaii. A bill for an act relating to flavored tobacco products. http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2014/bills/SB2222_SD2_.htm. Accessed March 20, 2014.
- Bill 206: Tobacco Reduction (Flavoured Tobacco Products) Amendment Act, 2013. http://www.assembly.ab.ca/net/index.aspx?p=bills_status&selectbill=206&legl=28&session=1. Accessed January 20, 2014.
- Leslie K. Ontario introducing bill to ban sale of flavoured-tobacco to youth. The Toronto Star. 2013 Nov 13. http://www.thestar.com/news/queenspark/2013/11/13/ontario_bill_to_ban_sale_of_flavouredtobacco_to_youth.html.
No hay comentarios:
Publicar un comentario