Med Eng Phys. 2013 Oct;35(10):1518-24. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 May 18.
A pulsatile blood vessel system for a femoral arterial access clinical simulation model.
The model-based, rapid-prototyping-enabled design and manufacture of a pulsatile blood vessel (PBV) for high-fidelity mannequin-based clinical simulations is presented. The PBV presented here is a pressurized, flexible tube with alternating fluid pressure created by a pump to mimic the behavior of a human vessel in response to pulsatile pressure. The use of PBVs is important for the fidelity of a clinical simulator that requires residents to palpate and/or access the vessel. In this study, a PBV is presented which features the integration of 3D modeling using patient-specific computed tomography (CT) data, mold fabrication using rapid-prototyping, and finite element method for estimating the required pumping pressure to generate the same level of force (about 1.5 N) experienced by the user through palpation. The relationship between this palpation force and the vessel pressure is studied using two strategies: finite element analysis (FEA) and experiments in a femoral arterial access simulator with a pump, artificial vessel, and surrounding phantom tissue. The experimental results show a discrepancy of 8.7% from the FEA-predicted value. Qualitative validation is done by exposing and surveying 19 interventional cardiology residents at four major educational institutions to the simulator for accuracy of its feel. The overall survey results are positive.
Copyright © 2013 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Arterial access; Clinical simulator; Finite element analysis
- [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]