About 10,000 children under age 6 (the majority age 1–2) are hospitalized each year in the US following an accidental ingestion.
Emergency hospitalizations for unsupervised prescription medication ingestions by young children.
Lovegrove MC, Mathew J, Hampp C, Governale L, Wysowski DK, Budnitz DS. Pediatrics. 2014;134:e1009-e1016.
Accidental ingestions of prescription medications by children pose serious safety risks. Prior efforts to mitigate this hazard include child-resistant packaging and public education about safe storage. This study used large databases to estimate that approximately 10,000 children under age 6 are emergently hospitalized following an accidental ingestion annually in the United States. Three-quarters of these events involved 1- or 2-year-old children. Opioids and benzodiazepines were the most common culprits, and 12 active ingredients accounted for nearly half of the hospitalizations. These findings suggest that strategies to specifically target a select group ofhigh-risk medications could have a substantial impact on serious adverse drug events related to accidental ingestions.
Your attention please... designing effective warnings.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. August 24, 2006;11:1-3.
Severity of medication administration errors detected by a bar-code medication administration system.
Sakowski J, Newman JM, Dozier K. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2008;65:1661-1666.
Antimicrobial prescription errors in hospitalized children: role of antimicrobial stewardship program in detection and intervention.
Di Pentima MC, Chan S, Eppes SC, Klein JD. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2009;53:715-723e1.
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Cardiovascular medication errors in children.
Alexander DC, Bundy DG, Shore AD, Morlock L, Hicks RW, Miller MR. Pediatrics. 2009;124:324-332.