Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that patients acquire while receiving health care for other conditions. These infections cost the US healthcare system billions of dollars each year and lead to the loss of tens of thousands of lives.
CDC recommends strategies for surveillance, prevention, and control of HAIs and antimicrobial resistance wherever health care is provided, including hospitals, ambulatory care facilities, and long-term care facilities. CDC works closely with states to implement these recommendations.
The Prevention Status Reports highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of a key practice that state health departments can use to reduce HAIs:
State health departments are encouraged to also engage in other practices that will provide actionable HAI data and lead to expanded HAI prevention. These include 1) state health departments validating data sent to CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), ideally including data on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs); catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs); and surgical site infections (SSIs); and 2) working with CDC and other partners using NHSN data to target facilities and units most in need of consultation to prevent HAIs and antimicrobial resistance.
Policies & Practices
State health department participation in statewide HAI prevention efforts
State health departments play a critical role in promoting HAI prevention through collaborative prevention activities. These activities allow states to identify infections, implement evidence-based prevention strategies, share experiences among facilities, and provide outcome measurement and feedback. State health departments are uniquely positioned to maximize HAI prevention efforts by working across the healthcare system to facilitate statewide HAI prevention activities.2-4
CDC recommends that state health departments participate in or lead broad prevention collaboratives addressing one or more of the following types of HAIs: CLABSIs, SSIs, CAUTIs, ventilator-associated pneumonia, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and C. difficile.5-6
Status of state health department participation in statewide HAI prevention efforts, United States (2013)
Prevention Status Reports: Healthcare-Associated Infections, 2013
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