Ebola Fact Sheets and Prevention Tips
|Military Health Updates on Ebola Crisis|
October 17, 2014
The Military Health System published two new documents about the Ebola crisis:
- Fact sheet for families of Service members deploying to West Africa
- Frequently Asked Questions about Ebola
To view the fact sheet, visit: www.health.mil/ebola. The FAQs can be viewed at www.health.mil/EbolaFAQs.
Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).
Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genusEbolavirus. There are five identified Ebolavirus species, four of which have caused disease in humans: Zaire ebolavirus; Sudan ebolavirus; Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus; and Bundibugyo ebolavirus. The fifth, Reston ebolavirus, has caused disease in nonhuman primates but not in humans.
Ebola is found in several African countries. The first Ebola species was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks have appeared sporadically in Africa.
The natural reservoir host of Ebola remains unknown. However, on the basis of available evidence and the nature of similar viruses, researchers believe that the virus is animal-borne with bats being the most likely reservoir. Four of the five subtypes occur in an animal host native to Africa.
Learn more about Ebola:
Related Reference Center Materials
Ebola Fact Sheet for Families of Deploying Personnel
The President and the Secretary of Defense have called upon the men and women of the US armed forces and other government personnel to provide critical support as part of the international response to the Ebola outbreaks in West Africa. This Fact Sheet highlights the actions that are in place prior to, during, and after deployment in order to protect our service members, families and communities.Read MoreRelated Topics: Ebola, Pandemic Diseases, Global and Domestic Health Preparedness and Response
For Ebola, No New Drugs Riding to the Rescue -- for Now
Doctors are turning to two time-tested options for Ebola treatment -- supportive care and blood transfusions from Ebola survivors.Read MoreRelated Topics: Ebola, Global and Domestic Health Preparedness and Response
Military Health System Preparation for Potential Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) infection among DoD Personnel
Leadership message from Dr. Jonathan Woodson about the MHS preparations for potential ebola infection among DoD personnelRead MoreRelated Topics: Ebola, Global and Domestic Health Preparedness and Response, Conditions and Treatments, Pandemic Diseases
Obama: Countries Must Step Up Aggressively to Ebola Fight
President Obama held a news conference after a meeting on the U.S. Ebola response with senior health, homeland security and national security advisors.Read MoreRelated Topics: Ebola, Global and Domestic Health Preparedness and Response
Pre-Deployment, Deployment, and Post-Deployment Training, Screening, and Monitoring Guidance for Department of Defense Personnel Deployed to Ebola Outbreak Areas
Department of Defense (DoD) personnel (Service members and civilian employees)deployed to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defined Ebola outbreak areas will complete pre and post-deployment screening and training requirements outlined in this memorandum and supplemented by United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM) guidance.Read MoreRelated Topics: Ebola, Global and Domestic Health Preparedness and Response, Conditions and Treatments, Pandemic Diseases
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