sábado, 14 de diciembre de 2013

Comparison of pediatric surgical outcomes by ... [J Pediatr Surg. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

Comparison of pediatric surgical outcomes by ... [J Pediatr Surg. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Aug;48(8):1657-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.12.048.

Comparison of pediatric surgical outcomes by the surgeon's degree of specialization in children.


Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287-0005, USA.



Improved surgical outcomes in children have been associated with pediatric surgical specialization, previously defined by surgeon operative volume or fellowship training. The present study evaluates pediatric surgical outcomes through classifying surgeons by degrees of pediatric versus adult operative experience.


A cross-sectional study was performed using nationally representative hospital discharge data from 1998 to 2007. Patients under 18 years of age undergoing inpatient operations in neurosurgery, otolaryngology, cardiothoracic, general surgery, orthopedic surgery, and urology were included. An index was created, calculating the proportion of children treated by each surgeon. In-hospital mortality and length of stay were compared by index quartiles. Multivariate analysis was adjusted for patient and hospital characteristics.


A total of 119,164 patients were operated on by 13,141 surgeons. Within cardiothoracic surgery, there were 1.78 (p=0.02) and 2.61 (p<0 .01="" 0.23="" 0.58="" 1.06="" 1.14="" 2.15="" a="" and="" between="" by="" cardiothoracic="" comparing="" days="" decreased="" for="" found="" general="" highest="" in="" increase="" increased="" least="" length="" lowest="" mortality="" most="" neurosurgery="" odds="" of="" orthopedic="" otolaryngology="" p="" pediatric="" quartile.="" quartiles.="" quartiles="" respectively="" specialization="" specialized="" stay="" surgeons="" surgery.="" surgery="" the="" to="" two="" was="" when="" with="">


The present study demonstrates that surgeons caring preferentially for children-as a proportion of their overall practice-generally have improved mortality outcomes in general and cardiothoracic surgery. These data suggest a benefit associated with increased referral of children to pediatric practitioners, but further study is required.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Pediatric surgery, Specialization, Surgical outcomes
[PubMed - in process]

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