J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013 Aug;22(6):799-804. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2012.05.002. Epub 2012 Jun 9.
Thrombolysis and outcome of young stroke patients over the last decade: insights from the nationwide inpatient sample.
SourceWayne State University Stroke Program, Detroit, Michigan, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
BACKGROUND:A recent study found a trend toward increasing hospitalizations for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among young adults, raising concern for this subgroup. In the present study, we evaluated trends of use of thrombolysis and outcome among young adults (19-44 years of age) with AIS using a nationally representative administrative database.
METHODS:Discharge data were obtained from Nationwide Inpatient Sample between 2001 and 2009. Hospitalizations with a discharge diagnosis of AIS for patients 19 to 44 years of age were included. Use of thrombolysis was determined within this subset. The Cochran-Armitage test was used for trend analysis.
RESULTS:Thrombolysis in young patients with AIS increased from 354 (1.84%) in 2001 to 1,237 (4.97%) in 2009 (P < .0001). The highest increase was noted at urban teaching hospitals. There was a progressive decrease in mortality in young AIS patients, from 6.81% in 2001 to 5.43% in 2009 (trend P = .027) and significant increase in discharges to rehabilitation (3.42% in 2002 to 12.7% in 2009 [trend P < .0001]). Discharge to other facilities decreased significantly (29.1% in 2001 to 17.8% in 2009 [trend P < .0001]). The rate of intracranial hemorrhage (2.70% in 2001; 2.69% in 2009) did not show any significant change despite the increase in the use of thrombolysis (trend P = .39).
CONCLUSIONS:The rate of thrombolysis among young patients with AIS increased significantly between 2001 and 2009. A decrease in deaths with increased rehabilitation placements of young patients with AIS was noted over the last decade, suggesting improving outcomes. The lower rate of use of thrombolysis in rural hospitals may be improved with the widespread use of telestroke.
Copyright © 2013 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS:Epidemiology, outcome, stroke, thrombolysis, trends, young
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