miércoles, 31 de mayo de 2017

AHRQ Reports: Massage, Other Sensory Interventions Improve Autism Behaviors; Evidence Lacking on Nutritional Supplements or Special Diets

Interventions Targeting Sensory Challenges in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review | Review Articles | Pediatrics

May 2017

Interventions Targeting Sensory Challenges in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review

Amy S. WeitlaufNila SatheMelissa L. McPheetersZachary E. Warren


CONTEXT: Sensory challenges are common among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions targeting sensory challenges in ASD.
DATA SOURCES: Databases, including Medline and PsycINFO.
STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria.
DATA EXTRACTION: One investigator extracted data with review by a second. Investigators independently assessed risk of bias and strength of evidence (SOE), or confidence in the estimate of effects.
RESULTS: Twenty-four studies, including 20 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), were included. Only 3 studies had low risk of bias. Populations, interventions, and outcomes varied. Limited, short-term studies reported potential positive effects of several approaches in discrete skill domains. Specifically, sensory integration-based approaches improved sensory and motor skills-related measures (low SOE). Environmental enrichment improved nonverbal cognitive skills (low SOE). Studies of auditory integration-based approaches did not improve language (low SOE). Massage improved symptom severity and sensory challenges in studies with likely overlapping participants (low SOE). Music therapy studies evaluated different protocols and outcomes, precluding synthesis (insufficient SOE). Some positive effects were reported for other approaches, but findings were inconsistent (insufficient SOE).
LIMITATIONS: Studies were small and short-term, and few fully categorized populations.
CONCLUSIONS: Some interventions may yield modest short-term (< 6 months) improvements in sensory- and ASD symptom severity-related outcomes; the evidence base is small, and the durability of the effects is unclear. Although some therapies may hold promise, substantial needs exist for continuing improvements in methodologic rigor.
  • Accepted February 10, 2017.

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