domingo, 25 de enero de 2015

MMWR Vol. 64 / Early Release

MMWR Vol. 64 / Early Release

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MMWR Early Release
Vol. 64, Early Release
January 23, 2015
Public Health Response to Commercial Airline Travel of a Person with Ebola Virus Infection — United States, 2014
Joanna J. Regan, MD, Robynne Jungerman, MPH, Sonia H. Montiel, et al.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64(Early Release):1-4

In July 2014 two persons with confirmed Ebola virus infection who were infected
early in the Nigeria outbreak traveled by commercial airline while symptomatic,
involving a total of four flights (two international flights and two Nigeria domestic
flights). In October 2014, another airline passenger, a U.S. health care worker who
had traveled domestically on two commercial flights, was confirmed to have Ebola
virus infection. This report summarizes the investigations that followed.

Effectiveness of Ebola Treatment Units and Community Care Centers — Liberia, September 23–October 31, 2014
Michael L. Washington, PhD, Martin L. Meltzer, PhD
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64(Early Release):1-4

Previous reports have shown an Ebola outbreak can be slowed, and eventually
stopped, by placing patients into settings where there is reduced risk for onward
Ebola transmission, such as Ebola treatment units (ETUs) and community care
centers (CCCs) or equivalent community settings. To estimate the effectiveness
of ETUs and CCCs or equivalent community settings in preventing greater Ebola
transmission, CDC applied the EbolaResponse model to the period September
23–October 31, 2014, in Liberia. This report summarizes the results of that modeling.

A Plan for Community Event-Based Surveillance to Reduce Ebola Transmission — Sierra Leone, 2014–2015
Sam Crowe, PhD, Darren Hertz, MEd, Matt Maenner, PhD, et al.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64(Early Release):1-4

Ebola was first detected in Sierra Leone in May 2014 and was likely introduced
into the eastern part of the country from Guinea. The disease spread westward,
eventually affecting Freetown, Sierra Leone’s densely populated capital. In October
2014, members of the International Rescue Committee, Sierra Leone’s Bo District
Health Management Team, and CDC developed the Community Event-Based
Surveillance system to help strengthen the country’s Ebola surveillance and
response capabilities. This report summarizes the plan.

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