Sharing research data supports the mission of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is essential to facilitate the translation of research results into knowledge, products, and procedures that improve human health. To set forth expectations that ensure the broad and responsible sharing of genomic research data, NIH issued the Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) Policy on August 27, 2014, in the NIH Guide Grants and Contracts (available athttp://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-14-124.html), and on August 28, 2014, in the Federal Register(available at https://federalregister.gov/a/2014-20385).
The GDS Policy became effective on January 25, 2015, and applies to all NIH-funded research (e.g., grants, contracts, and intramural research) that generates large-scale human or non-human genomic data, regardless of the funding level, as well as the use of these data for subsequent research. Large-scale data include genome-wide association studies (GWAS), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) arrays, and genome sequence, transcriptomic, epigenomic, and gene expression data. Supplemental Information to the GDS Policy (available athttp://gds.nih.gov/pdf/supplemental_info_GDS_Policy.pdf) provides examples of genomic research projects that are subject to the Policy and the timeline for submission and sharing of data from such projects.
More information on the NIH GDS Policy is available at http://gds.nih.gov/03policy2.html. Questions about the Policy can be e-mailed to GDS@mail.nih.gov.