Arch Surg. 2012 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Association Between Trauma Quality Indicators and Outcomes for Injured Patients.
SourceUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York (Dr Glance); RAND Health, RAND, Santa Monica (Dr Dick), and Center for Health Policy Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine (Dr Mukamel); and Department of Surgery, University of Vermont Medical College, Burlington (Dr Osler).
OBJECTIVE:To examine the association between the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACSCOT) quality indicators and outcomes.
SETTING:Data from the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study.
PATIENTS:We studied data from 210 942 patients admitted to 35 trauma centers in Pennsylvania between 2000 and 2009.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Regression analyses were performed to examine the association between ACSCOT quality indicators and in-hospital mortality and death or major complications.
RESULTS:Seven of the ACSCOT quality indicators were associated with either increased (1) in-hospital mortality or (2) death or major complications. No head computed tomography scan in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale score less than 13 was associated with a 4-fold increase in mortality (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 4.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.18-6.07) and a nearly 3-fold increased risk of death or major complications (AOR, 2.76; 95% CI 2.05-3.72). Gunshot wounds to the abdomen managed nonoperatively were associated with a nearly 5-fold increase in mortality (AOR, 4.80; 95% CI, 2.95-7.81). Femoral fractures treated with nonfixation were also strongly associated with mortality (AOR, 4.08; 95% CI, 2.50-6.66) and death or major complications (AOR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.96-3.31).
CONCLUSION:Several current ACSCOT quality indicators have a strong association with clinical outcomes. These findings should be interpreted with caution because some measures may lack face validity for identifying poor-quality care in complex patients with multiple injuries.
- [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]