CDC - Preventing Chronic Disease: Volume 9, 2012: 11_0166
Community Readiness for Adopting a Physical Activity Program for People With Arthritis in West Virginia
Dina L. Jones, PhD, PT; Srilakshmi Settipalli, MBBS, MPH; Jeanne M. Goodman, MPA; Jennifer M. Hootman, PhD, ATC; R. Turner Goins, PhD
Suggested citation for this article: Jones DL, Settipalli S, Goodman JM, Hootman JM, Goins RT. Community readiness for adopting a physical activity program for people with arthritis in West Virginia. Prev Chronic Dis 2012;9:110166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd9.110166.
The health benefits of physical activity are well established in older adults with arthritis. Despite these benefits, many older adults with arthritis are not active enough to maintain health; therefore, increasing physical activity in adults with arthritis is a public health priority. The purpose of this study was to use the Community Readiness Model to assess readiness for adopting a physical activity program for people with arthritis in 8 counties in West Virginia.
During 2007 and 2008, we conducted a telephone survey among 94 key informants who could provide insight into their community’s efforts to promote physical activity among older adults with arthritis. We matched survey scores with 1 of 9 stages of readiness, ranging from 1 (no awareness) to 9 (high level of community ownership).
The survey placed the counties in stage 3 (vague awareness), indicating recognition of the need for more physical activity programming; community efforts were not focused and leadership was minimal. The interviews suggested that culturally sensitive, well-promoted free or low-cost programs conducted by community volunteers may be keys to success in West Virginia.
Information derived from our survey can be used to match intervention strategies for promoting physical activity among people with arthritis to communities in West Virginia according to their level of readiness.