CDC - Preventing Chronic Disease: Volume 9, 2012: 11_0155
Replicating the EnhanceFitness Physical Activity Program in Hawai`i’s Multicultural Population, 2007-2010
Michiyo Tomioka, MS; Naomi Sugihara, BEd; Kathryn L. Braun, DrPH
Suggested citation for this article: Tomioka M, Sugihara N, Braun KL. Replicating the EnhanceFitness Physical Activity Program in Hawai`i’s multicultural population, 2007-2010. Prev Chronic Dis 2012;9:110155. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd9.110155.
Despite evidence of the benefits of regular physical activity, many older adults are not physically active. Health professionals are challenged to replicate evidence-based programs to address low levels of physical activity among members of their communities.
EnhanceFitness is an evidence-based group exercise program developed in Seattle to increase the strength, flexibility, and balance of older adults. Hawai`i’s Healthy Aging Partnership supported the rural island of Kaua`i to select, adapt, implement, and evaluate EnhanceFitness to increase physical activity among older adult residents (75% Asian/Pacific Islander [API]).
Evaluation measures of the replication of EnhanceFitness included fidelity of EnhanceFitness delivery and participants’ attendance, satisfaction with the program, confidence to exercise regularly, and pre-post fitness check measures of physical performance (chair stands, arm curls, and the up-and-go test).
Between July 2007 and December 2010, 223 Kaua`i residents enrolled in EnhanceFitness; 178 (80%) participated at least 4 months and completed the 4-month fitness checks. EnhanceFitness classes were offered with a high degree of fidelity, and both API and white participants significantly improved their physical performance (chair stands, t = −11.06, P < .001; arm curls, t = −6.66, P < .001; and up-and-go test, t = 6.56, P < .001). Participants reported high satisfaction with the program and instructors and high confidence to continue to exercise regularly.
EnhanceFitness is replicable in Hawai`i and increased physical performance among API and white older adults. This case study outlines a replication process that other communities can follow.