miércoles, 10 de julio de 2013

Challenges to nurses' efforts ... [J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr] - PubMed - NCBI

Challenges to nurses' efforts ... [J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr] - PubMed - NCBI

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr;20(2):245-51. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-000894. Epub 2012 Jul 21.

Challenges to nurses' efforts of retrieving, documenting, and communicating patient care information.


University of Illinois Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. gmkeenan@uic.edu



To examine information flow, a vital component of a patient's care and outcomes, in a sample of multiple hospital nursing units to uncover potential sources of error and opportunities for systematic improvement.


This was a qualitative study of a sample of eight medical-surgical nursing units from four diverse hospitals in one US state. We conducted direct work observations of nursing staff's communication patterns for entire shifts (8 or 12 h) for a total of 200 h and gathered related documentation artifacts for analyses. Data were coded using qualitative content analysis procedures and then synthesized and organized thematically to characterize current practices.


Three major themes emerged from the analyses, which represent serious vulnerabilities in the flow of patient care information during nurse hand-offs and to the entire interdisciplinary team across time and settings. The three themes are: (1) variation in nurse documentation and communication; (2) the absence of a centralized care overview in the patient's electronic health record, ie, easily accessible by the entire care team; and (3) rarity of interdisciplinary communication.


The care information flow vulnerabilities are a catalyst for multiple types of serious and undetectable clinical errors. We have two major recommendations to address the gaps: (1) to standardize the format, content, and words used to document core information, such as the plan of care, and make this easily accessible to all team members; (2) to conduct extensive usability testing to ensure that tools in the electronic health record help the disconnected interdisciplinary team members to maintain a shared understanding of the patient's plan.

[PubMed - in process]
[Available on 2014/3/8]

No hay comentarios: