J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Oct;60(10):1895-900. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04146.x. Epub 2012 Sep 24.
Effect of forced transitions on the most functionally impaired nursing home residents.
SourceCenter for Gerontology and Healthcare Research, Providence, RI 02912, USA. Kali_Thomas@brown.edu
OBJECTIVES:To examine the hospitalization rate and mortality associated with forced mass transfer of nursing home (NH) residents with the highest levels of functional impairment.
DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING:One hundred nineteen Texas and Louisiana NHs identified as being at risk for evacuation for Hurricane Gustav.
PARTICIPANTS:Six thousand four hundred sixty-four long-stay residents residing in at-risk NHs for at least three consecutive months before landfall of Hurricane Gustav.
MEASUREMENTS:Using Medicare claims and instrumental variable analysis, the mortality (death at 30 and 90 days) and hospitalization rates (at 30 and 90 days) of the most functionally impaired long-stay residents who were evacuated for Hurricane Gustav were compared with those of the most functionally impaired residents who did not evacuate.
RESULTS:The effect of evacuation was associated with 8% more hospitalizations by 30 and 90 days for the most functionally impaired residents. Evacuation was not significantly related to mortality.
CONCLUSION:The most functionally impaired NH residents experience more hospitalizations but not mortality as a consequence of forced mass transfer. With the inevitability of NH evacuations for many different reasons, harm mitigation strategies focused on the most impaired residents are needed.
© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2012, The American Geriatrics Society.
- [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
- [Available on 2013/10/1]