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Pediatric syncope: National Hospital Ambulatory ... [J Emerg Med. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

Pediatric syncope: National Hospital Ambulatory ... [J Emerg Med. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

J Emerg Med. 2012 Oct;43(4):575-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.01.020. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Pediatric syncope: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey results.


The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45255, USA.



Syncope is a common problem in children and adolescents. The diagnostic yield for most tests commonly used in the evaluation of pediatric patients with syncope is low.


To examine the epidemiology of pediatric patients presenting to United States (US) emergency departments (EDs) with a complaint of syncope and compare their initial management to published guidelines.


ED visits from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for 2003-2007 for patients aged 7-18 years were analyzed. Outcome variables were diagnostic tests and management of patients presenting with syncope.


There were 627,489 (95% confidence interval [CI] 527,237-727,722) ED visits for syncope (0.9% of all ED visits for patients aged 7-18 years). Patients presenting to the ED for syncope were more commonly female (p<0 .01="" 18.2-34.7="" 26.5="" 50.3-66.0="" 58.1="" a="" adolescent="" ambulance="" an="" and="" arrive="" as="" by="" ci="" compared="" complaints.="" computed="" covered="" diagnostic="" ed="" electrocardiogram="" imaging="" insurance="" likely="" magnetic="" more="" of="" only="" or="" other="" p="" part="" patients="" presenting="" private="" received="" resonance="" scan="" syncope="" the="" their="" those="" to="" tomography="" with="" work-up.="" years="">


When evaluating pediatric patients presenting with syncope, there should be an increased use of the electrocardiogram to screen for underlying cardiac abnormalities. There should also be a tempered use of CT/MRI imaging in this population.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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