J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2013 Mar;22(3):203-9. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2012.3804. Epub 2013 Feb 21.
Surveillance of preconception health indicators in behavioral risk factor surveillance system: emerging trends in the 21st century.
SourceSchool of Public Health, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63104, USA. Pxaverius@slu.edu
OBJECTIVES:This article assesses emerging trends in the 21st century, if any, in preconception health indicators among women of reproductive age.
METHODS:This is a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2003-2010. Subjects were a sample of noninstitutionalized, 18-44-year-old, nonpregnant, women in the United States (n=547,177) grouped into two categories, 2003-2006 (n=275,630) and 2007-2010 (n=271,547). Overall crude and adjusted prevalence odds ratios were calculated for preconception indicators before 2006 and after 2006.
RESULTS:Significant improvements were found for any and heavy alcohol use, smoking, social and emotional support, moderate/vigorous physical activity, and having had an influenza shot in the last year. In contrast, binge drinking, having a medical condition (i.e., diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, or obesity), and self-reported health significantly worsened. No change was found for mental distress, HIV testing, and having a routine checkup.
CONCLUSIONS:As the 21st century unfolds, emerging trends suggest that we need to focus on educating women, providers, and public health advocates about improved health before pregnancy, especially for women with chronic conditions and those who binge drink alcohol.
- [PubMed - in process]