Preventing Chronic Disease | A Standardized Reporting System for Assessment of Diverse Public Health Programs - CDC
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A Standardized Reporting System for Assessment of Diverse Public Health Programs
Douglas Fernald, MA; Abigail Harris, MSPH; Elizabeth Ann Deaton, MA; Vicki Weister; Shannon Pray, MSPH; Carsten Baumann, MA; Arnold Levinson, PhD
Suggested citation for this article: Fernald D, Harris A, Deaton EA, Weister V, Pray S, Baumann C, et al. A Standardized Reporting System for Assessment of Diverse Public Health Programs. Prev Chronic Dis 2012;9:120004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd9.120004.
One such portfolio was created in 2004 when Colorado voters approved a tobacco-tax increase and earmarked a portion of revenue streams to address illnesses related to tobacco use through extending programs and translating evidence-based approaches. In the portfolio, 2 grant-making programs address highly diverse public health needs: 1) reduction of health disparities in illnesses related to tobacco use and 2) prevention, early detection, and treatment of cancer and cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases (CCPD). These 2 programs generated 103 unique projects, which were conducted during fiscal years (FYs) 2006 through 2009 with approximately $100 million of tobacco-tax revenues. Agencies funded to implement these programs ranged from small community-based organizations to university- and hospital-affiliated groups in urban and rural settings.
The number and diversity of these projects introduced monitoring and evaluation challenges. At a minimum, the legislation that created the grant-making programs requires annual reporting of each project’s implementation (number of people served, services provided) and overall results of aggregate program activities. Administrative oversight requires capacity to track grantee activities and compare them to initial work plans for accountability. Professional public health practice requires state-level information to guide periodic planning, program refinement, and project continuation decisions. Grantees need formative feedback for quality improvement and summative feedback to reinforce motivation and maintain enthusiasm. Because of the array of data required, an efficient and standardized evaluation system was needed.