Am J Manag Care. 2011 Jul 1;17(7):e249-54.
Effects of standardized outreach for patients refusing preventive services: a quasiexperimental quality improvement study.
SourceDivision of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
OBJECTIVE:To determine the effect of standardized outreach on the receipt of preventive services for patients whose physicians record that the patient refused the service.
STUDY DESIGN:Prospective observational study of a quality improvement intervention using a nonrandomly assigned comparator group.
METHODS:Patients from a large internal medicine practice with recorded refusals to preventive services were included. A nonclinician care manager mailed plain-language educational brochures, attempted telephone contact, and provided logistical assistance. The primary patient outcome was the time from refusal to first receipt of a refused service (colorectal cancer screening, breast cancer screening [mammography], cervical cancer screening, osteoporosis screening [bone density testing], or pneumococcal vaccination). We compared the time to completion of refused sevices during the period when outreach was performed (February 8, 2008, to November 25, 2008 [outreach cohort]), and during a subsequent period when refusals were recorded but no outreach was performed (November 26, 2008, to December 1, 2009 [nonintervention cohort]), using Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for patient characteristics. We recorded the time spent performing outreach.
RESULTS:In total, 407 patients refused 520 preventive services in the outreach cohort, and 378 patients refused 510 services in the nonintervention cohort. After 6 months of follow-up, 6.1% of the outreach cohort and 4.8% of the nonintervention cohort had received a refused service (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 0.7-2.5). The care manager spent 214 hours performing the outreach.
CONCLUSIONS:Standardized educational outreach was not a promising strategy for improving preventive services use among patients who have refused services recommended by their physician. The amount of time required to perform the outreach was substantial.
- [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]