jueves, 17 de noviembre de 2016

NIOSH Research Rounds - November, 2016

NIOSH Research Rounds - November, 2016

In This Issue

Volume 2, Number 5 (November 2016)

Tabs Aid Doffing of Filtering Facepiece Respirators

In healthcare, workers wear filtering facepiece respirators as protection against inhaling infectious particles such as viruses and bacteria, but safe use does not end with putting on, or donning, the respirator. Equally important is the proper removal, or doffing, technique, which protects workers from exposure to infectious materials that may have settled on the respirator itself. Once on the hands, the viruses or bacteria pose a risk of infecting the worker if they are re-released in the air and inhaled or if the worker touches any of his or her mucous membranes.

Healthcare Workers Perceive "Cooler" Safety Climate

As winter approaches and cooler temperatures hit most of the nation, workers unpack coats and boots, and workplaces adjust thermostats. However, one climate that should stay the same year-round, no matter where a workplace is located geographically, is the safety climate. Safety climate—defined as the perception among workers about the value of safety—correlates to improved health and safety in the workplace.

Trends in Mining-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Identified

Lung diseases are some of the most serious and recognized risks linked to mining, but coal miners also face other work-related hazards. Of particular concern are work-related disorders affecting the muscles and bones, or musculoskeletal disorders. Recent studies have looked at the causes and prevention of these disorders in various industries, but surveillance data characterizing musculoskeletal injuries by type, prevalence, and trends specifically in mining was somewhat outdated.

NIOSH Intervention Model Reaches Small Businesses

An intervention model developed by two investigators at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) brings crucial information about work-related safety and health to small businesses, the same investigators reported in the journal Safety Science. Drawn from previous research in Europe and New Zealand, the model depends upon intermediary groups—such as goods and services suppliers, membership organizations, educational organizations, and government agencies—to relay information about health and safety from large organizations, such as NIOSH, to small businesses.

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